This blog has been set up by EUMETSAT to provide news and information about the use of satellite data for climate monitoring.
Blog posts focus on the use of satellites to collect climate data, are non-political and are intended for a general audience.
We encourage you to engage with us, sharing and commenting on the posts we make.
EUMETSAT operates a fleet of weather and climate monitoring satellites that supply data, images and products – 24 hours a day, 365 days a year – to the National Meteorological Services of our Member and Cooperating States in Europe, and other users worldwide.
Meteosat and climate monitoring
Europe’s Meteosat weather satellites have been collecting data for climate monitoring since 1981, building up in the process one of the longest time-series of climate data collected by satellite in the world.
These observations are of albedo, water vapour, cloud properties, winds and to some extent also rainfall.
In 2004, the first of the Meteosat Second Generation satellites began collecting data and expanded the range of climate data to include sea surface temperature, snow cover, vegetation cover, and fire.
Metop and climate monitoring
While the Meteosat satellites collect constant data from their viewpoint 36,000 km above Africa, Europe’s Metop- A and B satellites orbit the globe roughly from pole-to-pole and so are able to collect global data for climate monitoring.
Examples of climate-relevant data collected by Metop’s onboard instruments include sea surface temperature, greenhouse gases such as ozone and methane, temperature, humidity, winds, and sea ice.
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