2014’s “warmest” records
In line with predictions, observations now indicate that 2014 was the hottest year globally in the era of accurate temperature measurement. In early January, the Japan Meteorological Agency reported its statistics showing 2014 as the hottest year on record ahead of 1998, and joint third-placed 2013 and 2010.
In mid-January, NASA and NOAA released their reports - two separate analyses that agreed that 2014 was the warmest year on record. NOAA's summary and link to the full report can be found here. The news release from NASA and related materials can be found here.
A number of EUMETSAT Member States have also published their national statistics for the year. Croatia reported that 2014 was "extremely warm" overall. Météo-France said it was the warmest year in France since 1900. In the Netherlands, KNMI reported it was the warmest year on record - with regular temperatures observations there stretching back more than 300 years to 1706.
Norway had its hottest year on record - with measurements going back to 1900. The trend in Denmark was towards a record warm year, although final figures were not published with this assessment in December. Finland had it second-warmest year on record according to information released by the Finnish Meteorological Institute. It was also a year of record warmth in Sweden, where there were long spells of warm conditions, and only short interludes of cold weather.
Provisional records for the United Kingdom show 2014 was the warmest and fourth wettest year, in records dating back to 1910. Ireland had a slightly wetter year than normal, but with temperatures above the long-term average. Switzerland experienced some extremes - with a lot of precipitation, but overall mild with 2014 joining 2011 as joint warmest since records began in 1864.
Farther afield, Roshydromet reported that in the Russian Federation, 2014 was joint 6th warmest (with 2013), and that nine of the top ten warmest years have been in the 21st century. Records there began in 1891.
In China, where records are counted from 1961, the China Meteorological Administration said that 2014 was tied for 6th warmest with 1999.
Australia had its third-warmest year since records began in 1910 according to the Bureau of Meteorology. The warmest was 2013.
The final UK Met Office assessment for 2014 has not yet been published.